Bug 7646 - Change notify don't work recursively
Summary: Change notify don't work recursively
Alias: None
Product: Samba 3.5
Classification: Unclassified
Component: File services (show other bugs)
Version: 3.5.4
Hardware: x86 Windows XP
: P3 major
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Volker Lendecke
QA Contact: Samba QA Contact
Depends on:
Reported: 2010-08-25 09:11 UTC by Benjamin Kalytta
Modified: 2010-08-26 07:49 UTC (History)
0 users

See Also:

Windows directory watch application (4.00 KB, application/zip)
2010-08-26 05:19 UTC, Benjamin Kalytta
no flags Details
Linux directory watch using inotify (806 bytes, text/plain)
2010-08-26 05:20 UTC, Benjamin Kalytta
no flags Details

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Description Benjamin Kalytta 2010-08-25 09:11:53 UTC
It seems that change notify is not set up correctly. I'v written an Windows Application running in Windows XP to detect filesystem changes.

Basicly this is the Windows code:




Recursive Flag (4th argument) is enabled.

Lets say, there is a windows change notify set up for the directory "/home/myname" (accessed by \\MyServer\myname or as a mapped network drive). If I create/change files/directories in that root directory with Putty for example (on Linux system), Windows will get notified about that changes. But as soon as I do the same in one of the sub directories of "/home/myname/" like "/home/myname/test/" no notification is sent.

Creating a file in \\MyServer\myname\test however from within windows will create a change notification as expected.

I tried the same in Linux by creating a small app to test inotify. Here everything works as expected too.

	int fds = inotify_init();
	int watchds = inotify_add_watch(fds, "/home/myname", IN_MODIFY | IN_ATTRIB | IN_MOVED_FROM | IN_MOVED_TO | IN_DELETE | IN_CREATE);
	struct inotify_event* event = malloc(1024);

	while (read(fds, event, 1024) > 0) {
		printf("Event %x occured in \"%s\"", event->mask, event->name);

So there mustbe some bug within Samba implementation.

I'm running a 3.5.4 Samba Server on a Debian 5.0.5 (Lenny) with following configuration:

	workgroup = MYWKGRP
	server string = Development Server
	obey pam restrictions = Yes
	passdb backend = tdbsam
	pam password change = Yes
	passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
	passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
	unix password sync = Yes
	client NTLMv2 auth = Yes
	syslog = 0
	log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
	max log size = 1000
	min protocol = LANMAN1
	load printers = No
	dns proxy = No
	ldap ssl = no
	panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
	create mask = 0775
	block size = 8192
	change notify = yes
	interfaces = eth0

	comment = Home Directory for %U
	valid users = %S
	read only = No
	acl group control = Yes
	create mask = 0777
	directory mask = 0777
	inherit permissions = Yes
	inherit acls = Yes
	browseable = No
Comment 1 Volker Lendecke 2010-08-26 04:37:39 UTC
Tried your test program, does not work recursively for me. If I run it and to a

mkdir /home/myname/x

I get output, if I do a

mkdir /home/myname/x/y

nothing happens. Please tell us exactly what you are doing to get recursive inotify behaviour.

Closing as WORKSFORME, please re-open when you have the information available.
Comment 2 Benjamin Kalytta 2010-08-26 05:19:44 UTC
Created attachment 5926 [details]
Windows directory watch application

This is a test case for Windows. Thic is a small directory watch application which works recursively.
Comment 3 Benjamin Kalytta 2010-08-26 05:20:43 UTC
Created attachment 5927 [details]
Linux directory watch using inotify

This is a small linux application for watching a specific directory.
Comment 4 Volker Lendecke 2010-08-26 05:26:48 UTC
Yes, understood. FileChangeNotify (sp?) on Windows *can* work recursively. This should work for all updates within Samba. Samba at this moment relies on inotify to catch the updates that happen out of its reach, i.e. via other protocols like ftp or nfs. What I failed to do is to generate inotify events out of your Linux test program when adding files/directories in a subdir of the directory watched by inotify_add_watch. You claimed that with a single watch you get recursive behaviour. What are the exact steps I have to make to also get this?


Comment 5 Benjamin Kalytta 2010-08-26 05:29:59 UTC
You are right Volker, it seems that I was mistaken. Recursive watch is not
possible in Linux with current inotify implementation which is really very bad!

I'll take a look at the inotify source code, I think that supporting recursive
change notification shouldn't that much more difficult because it is only a
matter of comparing pathnames which should already have been done in current
implementation. (At least if we are talking about general case (links

Non-Recursive change notification doesn't make much sense especially if we are
talking about features like "Windows offline files" to handle some 100000
Comment 6 Benjamin Kalytta 2010-08-26 07:49:34 UTC
OK it seems that some one is already working on that issue by creating a linux kernel patch for fsnotify/inotify implementation.

See following archive:


He introduced a new IN_TREE/FS_EVENT_ON_TREE flag to support notification of child/descendants. So all what Samba team could do is to be prepared for that changes which will hopefully be in official linux kernel source soon :)