1.If I specify --fallocate without --sparse:
Sparse areas of SRC become fallocated on DST. This is not what I expect.
2. If I specify --sparse without --fallocate:
Fallocated areas of SRC become sparse areas on DST, meaning that very important "attribute" is copied.
3. If I specify both --sparse and --fallocate:
Fallocate will win. see 1.
4. If I specify none of these flags:
sparse/preallocate information will be lost on DST.
This all is very sad.
So, during synchronisation, rsync should send type of the each area, which should be on of:
1) containig user-data
2) sparse (contains zeroes)
3) preallocated (contain zeroes)
And receiver should apply that information on target file.
Note, that plain file may have preallocated space AFTER END OF FILE -- it is not a bug, and should be transferred.
Also, receiver side may not handle all that features, so it should be controllable what rsync receiver will do if making sparse or preallocated area fails with EOPNOTSUPP or so.
Detecting holes and preallocated areas may give wrong information since some FSes fake answer. So it should be controllable
man 2 fallocate for possible modern operations.
man 2 lseek: detecting that areas (SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA)
typo: very important "attribute" is NOT copied
I stumbled over this almost a year ago. See https://bugzilla.samba.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11588
*** This bug has been marked as a duplicate of bug 11588 ***
Please define what you mean by 'fallocated' in (1) and (2). Please also specify how you're determining that something has been 'fallocated'. I agree that (3) is a bug, and as the only real one that I can see, and is correctly marked a s a dup.
Fallocated: areas of the file that has been fallocate()d, but stillnot written. Technically, on sender, even written parts that was written, but contain zeroes may be considered as fallocated areas. I mean that receiver should call fallocate() on that region instead writing zeroes.
How to determine: How to determine if area is alocated: lseek() + SEEK_DATA/SEEK_HOLE. And after that, check if non-sparse area contains zeroes. Another way - is to examine fiemap ( https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/fiemap.txt )